Watts, Philip

Watts, Philip
SUBJECT AREA: Ports and shipping
[br]
b. 30 May 1846 Portsmouth, England
d. 15 March 1926 probably London, England
[br]
English naval architect, shipbuilding manager and ultimately Director of Naval Construction.
[br]
Since he had a long family connection with the naval base at Portsmouth, it is not surprising that Watts started to serve his apprenticeship there in 1860. He was singled out for advanced training and then in 1866 was one of three young men selected to attend the Royal School of Naval Architecture at South Kensington in London. On completing his training he joined the technical staff, then had a period as a ship overseer before going to assist William Froude for two years, an arrangement which led to a close friendship between Watts and the two Froudes. Some interesting tasks followed: the calculations for HM Armoured Ram Polyphemus; the setting up of a "calculating" section within the Admiralty; and then work as a constructor at Chatham Dockyard. In 1885 the first major change of direction took place: Watts resigned from naval service to take the post of General Manager of the Elswick shipyard of Sir W.G.Armstrong. This was a wonderful opportunity for an enthusiastic and highly qualified man, and Watts rose to the challenge. Elswick produced some of the finest warships at the end of the nineteenth century and its cruisers, such as the Esmeralda of the Chilean Navy, had a legendary name.
In 1902 he was recalled to the Navy to succeed Sir William White as Director of Naval Construction (DNC). This was one of the most exciting times ever in warship design and it was during Watts's tenure of the post that the Dreadnought class of battleship was produced, the submarine service was developed and the destroyer fleet reached high levels of performance. It has been said that Watts's distinct achievements as DNC were greater armament per ton displacement, higher speeds and better manoeuvring, greater protection and, almost as important, elegance of appearance. Watt retired in 1912 but remained a consultant to the Admiralty until 1916, and then joined the board of Armstrong Whitworth, on which he served until his death.
[br]
Principal Honours and Distinctions
Knighted 1905. FRS 1900. Chairman, Board of Trade's Load Line Committee 1913. Vice-President, Society for Nautical Research (upon its founding), and finally Chairman for the Victory preservation and technical committee. Honorary Vice-President, Institution of Naval Architects 1916. Master of the Worshipful Company of Shipwrights 1915.
Bibliography
Watts produced many high-quality technical papers, including ten papers to the Institution of Naval Architects.
FMW

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Philip Kearny — Philip Kearny, Jr., (2 juin 1815 1 septembre 1862) est un officier de l United States Army fameux pour ses actions durant la guerre américano mexicaine et la guerre de Sécession . Il est mort au combat lors de la Bataille de Chantilly , un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Philip Kearny — Philip Kearny, Jr., (June 2 1815 ndash; September 1 1862) was a United States Army officer, notably in the Mexican American War and American Civil War. He was killed in action in the 1862 Battle of Chantilly.Early life and careerKearny, who… …   Wikipedia

  • Watts — may refer to:Unit of measure* watt, the SI derived unit of powerPeopleurname* Alan Watts, a philosopher, writer, speaker, and student of comparative religions * André Watts, a classical pianist * Charlie Watts, a rock drummer * Duncan J. Watts,… …   Wikipedia

  • Philip Doddridge — (June 26, 1702 October 26, 1751) was an English Nonconformist leader and hymnwriter.Early lifePhilip Doddridge was born in London. His father, Daniel Doddridge, was a merchant, and his mother, considered to have been the greater influence on him …   Wikipedia

  • Watts (surname) — Watts is a surname, and may refer to* Alan Watts, English philosopher * Alaric Alexander Watts, British poet and journalist * André Watts, German American pianist * Angie Watts, fictional character from EastEnders * Bill Watts, American… …   Wikipedia

  • Philip Walsingham Sergeant — Philip W. Sergeant Full name Philip Walsingham Sergeant Country  England Born 27 January 1872(1872 01 27) …   Wikipedia

  • Philip Rahtz — (born in Bristol in 1921) is a British archaeologist. After leaving Bristol Grammar School, he served with the Royal Air Force during the Second World War. During war service, Rahtz became friends with the archaeologist Ernest Greenfield… …   Wikipedia

  • WATTS — UNITED KINGDOM (see also List of Individuals) 30.5.1846 Southsea/UK 14.3.1926 London/UK Philip Watts originated from a famous family of shipbuilders of which he became the most famed. He entered at a young age the Portsmouth Dockyard and then… …   Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000

  • Philip Watts — Sir Philip Watts, KCMG is the former chairman of the multinational energy company Shell.Watts was born on June 25, 1945, in Leicester, England and grew up in the Midlands where his father worked in the textile industry. Watts attended Wyggeston… …   Wikipedia

  • Philip Watts (naval architect) — Sir Philip Watts KCB (30 May, 1846 1926), was a British naval architect, famous for his design of the revolutionary Elswick cruiser and the HMS Dreadnought .Early lifePhilip Watts was born in Kent and educated at the College of Naval Architecture …   Wikipedia

  • Philip Minton — Phil Minton Pour les articles homonymes, voir Minton. Phil Minton Nom …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”